CANADA NEWS: Employment growth in Canada declined in November

Between October and November, employment increased by 0.3 percent, following a 0.5 percent increase over the previous month.

Although the Canadian labor market is still experiencing improvement in November, the recovery rate continues to slow.

The recently released Labor Force Survey of Statistics Canada looks at labor market conditions in Canada during the week of November 8 to 14. Total results reveal that employment increased by 0.3 percent in November, followed by an increase of 0.5 percent in October. Job growth was driven by a decline in knowledge, culture and recreation as well as accommodation and food services. Growth in the public sector was driven by increased employment in hospitals and schools.

Unemployment continued to decline from high levels in May, when unemployment was 13.7 percent. In November, unemployment was 8.5 percent, down 0.4 percent from October levels.

There were more than 372,000 Canadians, who found employment in November, more than 317,000 Canadians who converted from work to unemployment, 317,000.

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Immigrant performance in the Canadian labor market
Although Canadians generally have higher employment rates, some groups of immigrants saw job levels closer to pre-COVID levels than Canadians. Immigrants who had arrived in Canada more than five years ago saw an employment rate of 58.1 percent in November, only 1.2 percent from February levels. Employment rates for Canadian-born workers reached 59.7 percent, down 1.7 percent. Statistics Canada notes that these figures are not adjusted by employment rates at certain times of the year.

The number of new arrivals, who arrived in Canada five years ago, has declined due to tourism restrictions. The employment rate for these new immigrants was 65.6 percent, which is slightly different from the February levels.

Provincial diversity
Activity increased in Ontario, British Columbia, and in all four Atlantic states. B.C. came as low as February rates by 1.5%. Employment in Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick returned to pre-epidemic levels in November. Prince Edward Island has found about a thousand jobs.

Manitoba has seen job losses since April, with an estimated 18,000 jobs lost in November. Almost all of these losses were in part-time work. The decline coincided with the strong public health measures introduced earlier this month.

Number of people with a job or business held in Quebec, Saskatchewan and Alberta. Alberta’s employment rates are far higher than the pre-COVID levels by 4.9 percent.

Work in Quebec has not changed much for the second month in a row. Unemployment in Quebec dropped by 0.5 percent to 7.2 percent, as few people were temporarily laid off.

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