Delete China Apps downloaded more than a million times in the first 10 days after its launch.
It had shown popularity especially in India, where tensions with China are high with the rival border in the Himalayas.
Google said it violated its app store policies but did not provide any further details.
The software was developed by the Indian company One Touch AppLabs.
On its website it wrote: “Dear friends, Google removed the Remove China Apps from the Google Store.
“Thank you for all your support over the last two weeks.
“You’re a sweetheart.”
The app highlighted the popular social media site TikTok, owned by Beijing-Bytedance
But it also flagged for a video app including Zoom, based in California but developed by a Chinese-born businessman.
However, it was not able to find applications that were installed first on Chinese-made smartphones.
Among the other applications highlighted were:
ShareIt, which allows people to transfer files including photos, video and music
CamScanner, which allows users to use their phones to scan images and convert them to PDF documents
UC Browser, a Chinese web browser managed by Alibaba
The fans helped us get public through social media, where they suggested other apps for the Chinese.
But critics said the service was provoking anti-China sentiment, which had already increased after the Covid-19 outbreak in the city of Wuhan.
Calls for boys
Developers at Beluga Whale, an online community of app makers in China, have been critical of others to report the app to Google, calling it a “market disruption”.
One told Techcrunch media: “I think that what is happening in India will happen in other countries in the future, so this is a long-term impact that should cause a census of Chinese developers.”
Tensions broke out between India and China after Chinese forces moved into what India viewed as their territory in Kashmir region.
Indian engineer Sonam Wangchuk posted a video on YouTube suggesting that Indians should get rid of everything China does which has had two million views so far.
Ever since the hashtags #boycottChina, #boycottmadeinChina and #boycottChineseapps have been trending on social networks.
Bollywood actress, Milind Soman, with over 99,000 Twitter followers, took to the stage to say that she has released TikTok.
It marks another backlash for the video-clip app, which recently got a problem back in India due to a clip of a spoof acid attack that led users to send millions of one-star reviews to the Google Play store.
Neither Google nor TikTok did respond to requests for comment.