June 15 : A series of reforms proposed by the Trump administration to reduce immigration and make it more difficult for immigrants to obtain asylum in the United States were sent to the State Register on Monday to begin comment period.
The 161-page notice of proposed law enforcement from the Department of Justice and Homeland Security may provide additional power to deny asylum requests and other protections.
These changes were suggested by management last week and are part of President Donald Trump’s efforts to reduce American immigration. Their publication on Monday in the Financial Register opens a comment period of 30 days before the change begins.
The new rules will give lawmakers and judges more power to deny asylum claims because of methods of prosecution including violence based on men, threats of criminals and abuse at the hands of stubborn government officials.
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This change also allows immigration judges to dismiss cases without a hearing if there is insufficient evidence to apply.
Another proposed change would lay claim to immigration if they consider at least one country when traveling to the United States, extending the existing “third world” law that came into effect last year. It requires immigrants from third countries to first apply for protection there. In many cases involving Central American immigrants, that country would be Mexico.
“Failure to seek asylum or to protect refugees in at least one immigrant country on their way to the United States may indicate that the foreigner may have misused the refugee system as a way to enter and remain in the United States.
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The proposal also states that illegally staying in the United States for at least a year before applying for asylum will be a “counterproductive” factor in the application process. Failure to file a tax refund or criminal conviction – even those that are repatriated, left out or unemployed – could jeopardize the prospects of immigration asylum under the new rules.
The changes will also change the definition of prosecution to represent the “extreme view of serious injury,” and exclude “all casualties from civil, criminal, or civil war in the country” and “any treatment the United States deems unfair, offensive, unfair, or it’s illegal or illegal. “
The changes also come to light when the app says it is “trivial” and defines the terms “a particular social group,” “political opinion,” “persecution” and “resettlement.” They also shifted the burden of proof on the asylum cases that went from showing “high probability” to “probable” harm in their country of origin.
The Department of Justice and Homeland Security has said the changes “are a great differentiator of useless claims.””This will better ensure that baseless claims are not forgotten or divert resources,” the joint statement said.
Every year, tens of thousands of migrants worldwide seek asylum in order to escape the violence and persecution in their original countries. Delaying the U.S. process means that the coalition government will deport many applicants.
Some critics have criticized the proposed changes and others say it could completely eliminate the U.S. asylum system.
Aaron Reichlin-Melnick, policy advisor at the American Immigration Council, said there were two important changes and new rules.
“People seeking border protection who pass through the first stage of the asylum process will no longer be brought to the full immigration court. Instead, they will be given the opportunity to proceed to a lower ‘asylum-only court’, the blog post last week. “In these proceedings, even though they may have been eligible for alternative assistance than a shelter, they will not be allowed to apply for it.
“Secondly, the new rules will allow judges to oppose asylum applications without hearing. In the meantime, asylum seekers should be allowed to testify on their case. This change can be especially dangerous for those without lawyers.
“If these rules come into effect, they will represent the end of the asylum system as we know it.”
Sarah Pierce, a policy analyst at the Migging Policy Institute, says that if the changes are adopted it will lead to opposition from many asylum seekers in the United States.
“There are many provisions here that can make it difficult even for people who want to become more independent of the U.S. asylum,” he said.
After a 30-day comment period, the government must consider public comment and make a final rule. Because the process can take months – and is subject to any number of cases – the law is not expected to take effect until it falls, soon.